RBCM Archives

Series MS-3100 - Photographs

Building a stern wheel st... Officers group.  H.M.S. &... Officers group of H.M.S. ... Ox team at Clinton The great bluff at the 80... The Ne'er Do Well du... A miner's cabin, Car... Called Montgomery Street ... The Town of Barkerville, ... Camerontown, William&#039... The Davis Compy's [C... The Mucho Oro claim, Stou... The Aurora gold mining cl... The Colonial Secretary&#0... Yale, Fraser River, B.C. The Land Office, The Legi... Roderick Finlaysons [sic]... Barnard's Stage at Y... The south side of lower Y... The grave of the late Cmd... Indian Village Cowichan. ... The [Happy?] Home Group, ... The Sheepshead shaft, Wil... Barkerville.  Williams Cr... [Barkerville's Hotel... The Guard House, Governme... The Treasury, Victoria The Royal Navy Clubhouse,... The prison, Victoria, BC Government House, Victori...
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Dates of creation area


  • 1873-1879 (Creation)
    Maynard, Richard, 1832-1907
  • 1866 - 1870 (Creation)
    Dally, Frederick, 1838-1914

Physical description area

Physical description

11 albums and one set of mounted prints.

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Archival description area

Name of creator

Dally, Frederick, 1838-1914 (1840-1914)

Biographical history

Frederick Dally was born in Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, England in 1840. He arrived in Victoria, British Columbia, in 1862, on the China Clipper “Cyclone.” In March 1864, Dally leased a store at the corner of Fort and Government streets, and in 1866 he opened a photographic studio in Victoria. Between 1865 and 1870, he took extensive photographs around Vancouver Island and in the Cariboo District.

In 1866 Dally accompanied Governor A.E. Kennedy on H.M.S. Scout for a tour of Vancouver Island and Nootka Sound with his primary purpose being to visit and photograph First Nations communities.

In 1867, Dally visited the Cariboo goldfields in the central interior of British Columbia, and opened for business in Barkerville. He remained here for one month before returning to Victoria after a brief stay in Quesnelmouth. He returned to the Cariboo and again set up shop in Barkerville the following summer. His studio was in operation for only two weeks before it was destroyed by the Barkerville fire on September 16, 1868. During his stays in the Cariboo, Dally photographed mines, towns, and scenery. By December of the same year, Dally had returned to Victoria and was again operating his studio on Fort Street.

In 1870, Dally’s business was taken over by the Green Brothers, who were meant to purchase Dally’s negatives and photography equipment. Two years later, these items went for sale at auction and many of Dally’s negatives were purchased by Richard and Hannah Maynard. Many of Dally’s photographs were published for sale under the Maynard name.

In October of 1870, Frederick Dally travelled to Philadelphia where he enrolled in a dentistry program. He graduated in 1872, at which point he returned to England to practice dentistry.

Frederick Dally died in 1914.

Name of creator

Maynard, Richard, 1832-1907

Biographical history

Richard Maynard was a well known British Columbia photographer. He married photographer Hannah Hatherly. He died in Victoria in 1907 at the age of 75.

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Custodial history

Scope and content

The series consists of photograph albums and loose photographs created primarily by Frederick Dally. File MS-3100.11, Accession 198611-001, also contains photographs by Richard Maynard and possibly Oregon Hastings. All prints, whether loose or in albums, are black and white, created between 1866 and ca 1879.

Frederick Dally (1838-1914) was born in Southward, U.K. He journeyed to Victoria, Vancouver Island, in 1862 at the height of the Cariboo Gold Rush. In 1866, Dally opened a photographic gallery on Fort Street making portraits in the carte de visite format. He photographed Victoria streetscapes, Vancouver Island landscapes, the San Juan Island British Camp, and visiting Royal Navy ships and crews. As an amateur ethnographer, Dally photographed indigenous peoples in his studio, in coastal villages and through the Interior.

Dally ventured into the British Columbia interior photographing the Cariboo Wagon Road, and isolated road houses. He made the gold rush town of Barkerville his base for two seasons where he shot portraits and views of miners posed at their placer gold claims and mining camps amid deforested hills.

In 1870, Dally left British Columbia to study dentistry in Philadelphia. He returned to the UK to practice and died there in 1914, having sold some of his photographs and papers to the B.C. Archives in the same year.

Since photographers often sold their original glass plate negatives to other photographers when they went out of business, some of these original views may have been taken by other photographers, e.g. Carlo Gentile, but for the most part the images were shot and printed by Dally.

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The original negatives were glass plates, some of which survive as part of the Maynard fonds, since the Maynard's acquired some of Dally's plates after he closed his photographic business. Albums have been digitized and high resolution images are available to view on the A/V Kiosk in the reference room.

Restrictions on access

For conservation reasons, no access is provided to either the album or any of the original glass plates from which these views were produced.

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General note

Accession number(s): 198508-009; 198509-001; 198509-002; 198509-003; 198509-004; 198509-005; 198508-016; 198506-001; 198509-006; 198510-001; 198611-001; 198905-005, 2016.36

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